The Fall of the House of Usher

     There is other aspect of understanding place and space on the Tuan’s chapter, Architectural Space and Awareness. He mentions how a building is considered an architectural space influencing individual’s feeling and behavior. Especially, there is different meaning between “the sense of an “inside” and an “outside”, of intimacy and exposure, of private life and public space” (107). It can be quiet different feeling that an individual stays outside of the building with more space and freedom, but having more familiar and privacy when he/she is involving the building. This idea corresponds to the story, The Fall of the House of Usher, Edgar Allan Poe tells that the house of Usher is the place where develop different level of senses and awareness within and without of the building.

      The narrator has been invited to the house of Usher because of his friend, Roderick Usher, has mental disorder and suffers in family devil without remedy. Thus, the narrator tells he has never been to the house of Usher and feeling nothing when he observes outside of the building. However, the narrator feels nervous and terror as well as Roderick Usher who living in this house relating to the objects like furniture, chamber, window, wall, book and door that influence their emotion and behavior. “An object becomes a symbol when its own nature is so clear and so profoundly exposed that it gives knowledge of something greater beyond” (Tuan 114). Those objects are considered a symbol reveals the feelings of fear, anxious and nervous from Roderick Usher as well as the feeling of narrator that he wants to help his friend alleviating all terrors. The symbol of those objects is the tradition of Usher family has been passed to the next generation. The house of Usher is the environment what Roderick Usher suffers with mental illness and fear within and the narrator has clear mind and awareness the reason why his friend fears for everything inside the house. He can’t stand against the tradition of the house as one of his own society which he needs to carry on and acknowledge of it.

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Essay I(Final) : Freedom Is Being Pursued For Life

        Space and place reveal individuals’ lives due to various environments. To interpret individual’s space and place, there are many aspects of physical and psychology that involve certain situation. According to The Perspective of Experience, Yi-Fu Tuan mentions that space and place can be observed in mentally. A baby or adult has own point of view to feel how a space looks like. When they feel happy and comfortable, a certain area can be their space. On other hand, they will try to escape if they feel terrified and dangerous. Sometimes, a space can be considered in motion, such as five common senses of touching, seeing, moving, smelling and hearing that helps to discern significant world. Like a child or baby, he/she will like to hold on some objects and occupy certain location to fulfill his/her demands of a place. Thus, there are various definitions to understand what a space and place is, but individuals will understand and experience a special space and place which fit to them.  This refers to the story “To Room Nineteen” by Doris Lessing that helps to define particular meaning of how Susan looks for her space and place in different aspects of situation influencing her feeling of freedom and her life.

        The intelligence of seeing and hearing are what people always carry on and look forward about their space and place. However, there is no such positive or negative way to interpret how intelligence is a right choice. “The structuring of worlds calls for intelligence. Like the intellectual acts of seeing and hearing can be improved with practice so as to distinguish significant world” (Tuan 10). This reveals that individuals should be intelligent in order to create their own space that provides happiness and satisfaction. Is it true for everyone in any condition? Based on the situation of Susan, She works in an advertising firm and her husband, Matthew has a well-paid job as a subeditor on a large London newspaper. Later on, they are married and buy a big white house starting their family as well as having four children. They have everything they want and it is appropriate and well-being in such a perfect married couples. In what seeing and hearing of everything Susan possesses is an excellent structure that everyone wants and even Susan believe in that’s the right choice of space settling down the rest of her life with the family in this big house. However, it doesn’t be the way what Susan can expect and experience the same meaning of perfect life apparently. “This is a story, I suppose, about a failure in intelligence” (Lessing 525). Lessing states that a result of Susan’s failure marriage caused by her husband having other woman and she is not able to have her perfect life as well as her perfect marriage match like everyone seeing. Susan feels that she is being betrayed by her husband as if the whole family is not the same way what Susan see and hear through her intelligence and experience, but those become her pressure and burden she wants to stay away.

      A big white house, a husband and four children are the spaciousness that Susan enjoys and hopes for in her lovely marriage. This kind of crowding is not considered what people thinking about narrow or full; it is a space and quality. “Spaciousness and crowding are antithetical feelings” (Tuan 51). Tuan identifies that an individual’s feeling determines spaciousness. Even though crowding means occupying all the space physically, people will feel that is their space because they feel happy and everything is important to them. In Susan’s mind, her husband and four children are fulfill her life with all happiness and needs as her spaciousness, but not a big white house. Also, spaciousness is associated with freedom that people want. “Freedom implies space; it means having the power and enough room in which to act” (Tuan 52). Tuan tells that a space is identical to freedom that people feel free to do whatever they like and maintain all possesses. At this moment, Susan really likes to preserve this family as space of freedom what she has created with her husband.

       A freedom and space can be destroyed because of the feeling is changed. Susan’s marriage has been changed because of her husband having other woman that affects the relationship between them. In general, Susan’s hopes and feeling of this lovely family begins to change. “Susan felt as if life had become a desert, and that nothing mattered, and that her children were not her own” (Lessing 529). Lessing shows that Susan feels hopeless about her life and the family she has created with an unfaithful man. She sacrifices her times and everything to fulfill wealth and love in her family, but for nothing and sadness as return. “Susan was more and more often threatened by emptiness” (Lessing 529). This explains that Susan begins to feel that she is not belonging to part of the family and feels alone and strange everything she possess currently. Once Susan upsets about this family, her feeling of crowding and freedom has changed into different aspect. “But primarily people crowd us; people rather than things are likely to restrict our freedom and deprive us of space” (Tuan 59). At this point, Tuan reveals the common sense of crowding as if more people occupying a room that invades an individual’s space and freedom. It refers to Susan who feels her husband and children are not meaningful to her anymore that represents her freedom and space are vanished and invaded.

       As long as an individual’s feeling influences the concepts of space and freedom, it generates alternative feeling of primary places and objects. Since Susan upsets about what is going on to her life, she suffers in pressure and mental illness. “Susan was filled with tension, like a panic as if an enemy was in the garden with her” (Lessing 530). Lessing tells that Susan is scared about her life becomes dangerous although she is living in a protective garden of the house. Her mind is out of control and loses her confidence of everyone in this house. “Resentment, it was poisoning her. She was a prisoner” (Lessing 533). This emphasizes that Susan feels anxious, despair, pressure, dangerous and bondage living in this family. Individual’s feeling is basic facts that influence what space is determined. “Feeling for place is influenced by knowledge” (Tuan 32). Tuan also claims that people rely on their feeling to understand certain space belonging to them depends on the fact of affairs and events.

     Movement can explore personal’s freedom and direct to certain location for space with a distance. So far Susan’s position is replaced by Sophie who takes care of all responsibilities and obligations of being wife and mother. Yet Susan is being freed and she is not being held and not involved in this family. Thus, Susan wants to go far away in order to separate her with the family and retrieves her own freedom and space. “Susan takes the train into Richmond and sits alone in it for an hour or two” (Lessing 536). Lessing states that Susan goes all way to the Richmond where is far away home that keeps the distance between her and her family that makes her to feel more space and freedom in her own life. “Movements are often directed toward, or repulsed by, objects and places” (Tuan 12). Tuan reveals that movement is essential to reinforce individual to escape or move forward looking for their space in certain location. It gives the sense of physical space that individual feels a space is created and everyone should feel be apart from everything else. 

     A place is significant to individuals having a room where they are comfortable and in which they feel happy. When Susan believes that she has accomplished all duties with this family that she decides to escape from the demon and pressure by having her own room without bondage, but freedom and solitude. “Fred’s Hotel could afford the freedom for its visitors where no questions were asked” (Lessing 541). Lessing interprets that Susan figures out room 19 is a space where she can be silent and isolated from other people, where she can enjoy the freedom of being solitary. “Solitude is a condition for acquiring a sense of immensity” (Tuan 59). Tuan emphasizes that particular location or a place has physical limited size, however it creates more spaces and freedom for individuals if they feel comfortable and satisfy their needs. “Physical environment can influence a people’s sense of size and spaciousness” (Tuan 54). Tuan tells that people’s feeling can affect the size of space physically and mentally. Even though room 19 is a small room than her own house, she feels this room is large space than everything because she has freedom from it; no restriction and pressure as well. “The demons were not here. They had gone forever, because she was buying her freedom from them” (Lessing 548). Susan pays her hotel room for remaining her freedom that she has never felt living in the big white house. She doesn’t afraid of the demons because she can leave everything behind and not being bondage with all kind of duties and obligations for the family.

       A space can be physical and mental depending on an individual’s needs and feelings. There is no measurement can determine spaciousness, but freedom, happiness and emotion can understand what space is and how space looks like. Susan has changed over her personal space because of her alternative feeling of her life based upon a failure family, she feels no longer belonging to what she possess are the thoughts of intelligent observation to welfare life. However, it turns out that she is only being bondage in the family accomplishing all responsibilities and obligations as the role of mother and wife.  Those affairs impacts Susan’s health and she decides to look for her own freedom. Room 19 is a small size in physical; however it satisfies Susan needs and she feels free being solitary without all restriction and pressure from the family. As a result, this hotel room 19 may not be considered a temporary freedom for Susan to get away the demon and her husband. Only dead is the way what she expects a true space with permanent freedom. 

Space and place reveal individuals’ lives due to various environments. To interpret individual’s space and place, there are many aspects of physical and psychology that involve certain situation. According to The Perspective of Experience, Yi-Fu Tuan mentions that space and place can be observed in mentally. A baby or adult has own point of view to feel how a space looks like. When they feel happy and comfortable, a certain area can be their space. On other hand, they will try to escape if they feel terrified and dangerous. Sometimes, a space can be considered in motion, such as five common senses of touching, seeing, moving, smelling and hearing that helps to discern significant world. Like a child or baby, he/she will like to hold on some objects and occupy certain location to fulfill his/her demands of a place. Thus, there are various definitions to understand what a space and place is, but individuals will understand and experience a special space and place which fit to them.  This refers to the story “To Room Nineteen” by Doris Lessing that helps to define particular meaning of how Susan looks for her space and place in different aspects of situation influencing her feeling of freedom and her life.

        The intelligence of seeing and hearing are what people always carry on and look forward about their space and place. However, there is no such positive or negative way to interpret how intelligence is a right choice. “The structuring of worlds calls for intelligence. Like the intellectual acts of seeing and hearing can be improved with practice so as to distinguish significant world” (Tuan 10). This reveals that individuals should be intelligent in order to create their own space that provides happiness and satisfaction. Is it true for everyone in any condition? Based on the situation of Susan, She works in an advertising firm and her husband, Matthew has a well-paid job as a subeditor on a large London newspaper. Later on, they are married and buy a big white house starting their family as well as having four children. They have everything they want and it is appropriate and well-being in such a perfect married couples. In what seeing and hearing of everything Susan possesses is an excellent structure that everyone wants and even Susan believe in that’s the right choice of space settling down the rest of her life with the family in this big house. However, it doesn’t be the way what Susan can expect and experience the same meaning of perfect life apparently. “This is a story, I suppose, about a failure in intelligence” (Lessing 525). Lessing states that a result of Susan’s failure marriage caused by her husband having other woman and she is not able to have her perfect life as well as her perfect marriage match like everyone seeing. Susan feels that she is being betrayed by her husband as if the whole family is not the same way what Susan see and hear through her intelligence and experience, but those become her pressure and burden she wants to stay away.

      A big white house, a husband and four children are the spaciousness that Susan enjoys and hopes for in her lovely marriage. This kind of crowding is not considered what people thinking about narrow or full; it is a space and quality. “Spaciousness and crowding are antithetical feelings” (Tuan 51). Tuan identifies that an individual’s feeling determines spaciousness. Even though crowding means occupying all the space physically, people will feel that is their space because they feel happy and everything is important to them. In Susan’s mind, her husband and four children are fulfill her life with all happiness and needs as her spaciousness, but not a big white house. Also, spaciousness is associated with freedom that people want. “Freedom implies space; it means having the power and enough room in which to act” (Tuan 52). Tuan tells that a space is identical to freedom that people feel free to do whatever they like and maintain all possesses. At this moment, Susan really likes to preserve this family as space of freedom what she has created with her husband.

       A freedom and space can be destroyed because of the feeling is changed. Susan’s marriage has been changed because of her husband having other woman that affects the relationship between them. In general, Susan’s hopes and feeling of this lovely family begins to change. “Susan felt as if life had become a desert, and that nothing mattered, and that her children were not her own” (Lessing 529). Lessing shows that Susan feels hopeless about her life and the family she has created with an unfaithful man. She sacrifices her times and everything to fulfill wealth and love in her family, but for nothing and sadness as return. “Susan was more and more often threatened by emptiness” (Lessing 529). This explains that Susan begins to feel that she is not belonging to part of the family and feels alone and strange everything she possess currently. Once Susan upsets about this family, her feeling of crowding and freedom has changed into different aspect. “But primarily people crowd us; people rather than things are likely to restrict our freedom and deprive us of space” (Tuan 59). At this point, Tuan reveals the common sense of crowding as if more people occupying a room that invades an individual’s space and freedom. It refers to Susan who feels her husband and children are not meaningful to her anymore that represents her freedom and space are vanished and invaded.

       As long as an individual’s feeling influences the concepts of space and freedom, it generates alternative feeling of primary places and objects. Since Susan upsets about what is going on to her life, she suffers in pressure and mental illness. “Susan was filled with tension, like a panic as if an enemy was in the garden with her” (Lessing 530). Lessing tells that Susan is scared about her life becomes dangerous although she is living in a protective garden of the house. Her mind is out of control and loses her confidence of everyone in this house. “Resentment, it was poisoning her. She was a prisoner” (Lessing 533). This emphasizes that Susan feels anxious, despair, pressure, dangerous and bondage living in this family. Individual’s feeling is basic facts that influence what space is determined. “Feeling for place is influenced by knowledge” (Tuan 32). Tuan also claims that people rely on their feeling to understand certain space belonging to them depends on the fact of affairs and events.

     Movement can explore personal’s freedom and direct to certain location for space with a distance. So far Susan’s position is replaced by Sophie who takes care of all responsibilities and obligations of being wife and mother. Yet Susan is being freed and she is not being held and not involved in this family. Thus, Susan wants to go far away in order to separate her with the family and retrieves her own freedom and space. “Susan takes the train into Richmond and sits alone in it for an hour or two” (Lessing 536). Lessing states that Susan goes all way to the Richmond where is far away home that keeps the distance between her and her family that makes her to feel more space and freedom in her own life. “Movements are often directed toward, or repulsed by, objects and places” (Tuan 12). Tuan reveals that movement is essential to reinforce individual to escape or move forward looking for their space in certain location. It gives the sense of physical space that individual feels a space is created and everyone should feel be apart from everything else. 

     A place is significant to individuals having a room where they are comfortable and in which they feel happy. When Susan believes that she has accomplished all duties with this family that she decides to escape from the demon and pressure by having her own room without bondage, but freedom and solitude. “Fred’s Hotel could afford the freedom for its visitors where no questions were asked” (Lessing 541). Lessing interprets that Susan figures out room 19 is a space where she can be silent and isolated from other people, where she can enjoy the freedom of being solitary. “Solitude is a condition for acquiring a sense of immensity” (Tuan 59). Tuan emphasizes that particular location or a place has physical limited size, however it creates more spaces and freedom for individuals if they feel comfortable and satisfy their needs. “Physical environment can influence a people’s sense of size and spaciousness” (Tuan 54). Tuan tells that people’s feeling can affect the size of space physically and mentally. Even though room 19 is a small room than her own house, she feels this room is large space than everything because she has freedom from it; no restriction and pressure as well. “The demons were not here. They had gone forever, because she was buying her freedom from them” (Lessing 548). Susan pays her hotel room for remaining her freedom that she has never felt living in the big white house. She doesn’t afraid of the demons because she can leave everything behind and not being bondage with all kind of duties and obligations for the family.

       A space can be physical and mental depending on an individual’s needs and feelings. There is no measurement can determine spaciousness, but freedom, happiness and emotion can understand what space is and how space looks like. Susan has changed over her personal space because of her alternative feeling of her life based upon a failure family, she feels no longer belonging to what she possess are the thoughts of intelligent observation to welfare life. However, it turns out that she is only being bondage in the family accomplishing all responsibilities and obligations as the role of mother and wife.  Those affairs impacts Susan’s health and she decides to look for her own freedom. Room 19 is a small size in physical; however it satisfies Susan needs and she feels free being solitary without all restriction and pressure from the family. As a result, this hotel room 19 may not be considered a temporary freedom for Susan to get away the demon and her husband. Only dead is the way what she expects a true space with permanent freedom.

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Young Goodman Brown

       Mythical space is another concept of understanding space and place according to the chapter Mythical Space and Place by Yi-Fu Tuan. When Tuan discusses that mythical space is the term to interpret individual human characteristics associating to the natural and society. In the story, Young Goodman Brown, Nathaniel Hawthorne tells Goodman Brown has his desire of journey to be accomplished before the day of sunrise. In the meantime, Faith, his wife wants him to stay with her overnight at the time of sunset. This is totally different aspect of feeling in Goodman Brown’s mind that he wants to stay with Faith, but he is not allowed. He is a Christian that fulfillment and certain beliefs are necessary to be satisfied and followed. “Oriented mythical space differs greatly in detail from one culture to another, but it has certain general characteristics” (Tuan 91). Tuan reveals that individuals involve cultural characteristics that they have special meaning to view and pursue various objects of the world. This implies that Goodman Brown needs to pursue his desire to begin with his journey rather than being with his wife.

      When Goodman Brown travel to the forest which gives him unexpected environment makes him feeling terrified of devil behind the trees. Also, on the way of the journey, he has met many companies who even encourage him to move forward and help him with all staffs. By the time, Goodman Brown stops under the trees to view everything surrounding him and thinking about the decision he has made of leaving the wife behind. He uses his body as the central space to figure out the sky, the tress, the sound, the star, the wind and Faith. All of them are meaningful to him in certain level of experience that indicates another kind of his characteristics. “Other general characteristics organize the forces of nature and society by associating them with significant locations or places within the spatial system” (Tuan 91). Tuan interprets that the natural environment surrounding an individual can be specified particular landmarks and perceives their own sense of mythical place through personality knowledge into this small part of the world.

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Cathedral

       Most people don’t recognize the feature and aspects of spaciousness about the place which they have no feeling at all or they don’t pay attention for. However, the place isn’t meaningless for them because they have never tried to get to know of it. This idea applies to “Spaciousness and Crowding”, Tuan mentions that individual’s feeling correspond to spaciousness of certain place that affects personal point of view observing particular objects. “The world feels spacious and friendly when it accommodates our desires, and cramped when it frustrates them” (65). Tuan reveals that if a person is willing to look close to the place or object and understand the concepts of it, he/she feels that is also a place and space belonging to him/her. On other hand, if a person doesn’t even want to try accept a place and discover the meaning of it. The place will become his/her irritation and bondage. Also, this idea relates to the story, “Cathedral”, Raymond Carver tells about how cathedral is significant to a person who is observing only, but not feeling it. A blind man has different feeling of cathedral than the husband of his friend. Even though the husband can explicitly observe the feature of the cathedral, he can’t describe it to the blind man because he has no feeling of it. In the meantime, the blind man has inferior feeling of how cathedral is and he can feels all structures, features and meaning of it. When the blind man draws the picture of cathedral with the husband, the husband can feel the real world and spaciousness of it while closing his eyes. “The blind man’s fingers rode my fingers as my hand went over the paper. It was like nothing else in my life up to now” (103). It tells that the husband can feel how cathedral is massive and significant to him as if he is belonging to this part of the family. He can figure out the spaciousness of cathedral although he doesn’t believe in any religions in reality. The truth is that feeling can influence individual’s idea and thought to all kind of places and objects which he/she never tries to understand the meaning behind them.

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Essay I(draft): Freedom Is Being Pursued For Life

       Space and place are referring individuals’ lives due to various environments. To interpret individual’s space and place, there are many aspects of physical and psychology that involve certain situation. According to “The Perspective of Experience”, Yi-Fu Tuan mentions that space and place can be observed in mentally. A baby or adult has own point of view to feel how a space looks like. When they feel happy and comfortable, a certain area can be their space. On other hand, they will try to escape if they feel terrified and dangerous. Sometimes, a space can be considered in motion, such as five common senses of touching, seeing, moving, smelling and hearing. Like a child or baby, he/she will like to hold on some objects and occupy certain location to fulfill his/her demands of a place. Thus, there is no such a definition to understand what a space and place would be, but individuals will understand and experience a special space and place which fit to them.  This refers to the story “To Room Nineteen” by Doris Lessing that helps to define particular meaning of how space and place are.

        Intelligence is what people always carry on and look forward about their space and place with it. However, there is no such positive or negative way to interpret how intelligence is. “The structuring of worlds calls for intelligence” (Tuan 10). This reveals that individuals should be intelligence in order to create their own space that provides happiness and satisfaction. Is it true for everyone in any condition? Based on the situation of Susan, she believes that a perfect marriage corresponded to her intelligence that creates her own family and excellent future life. On other word, it doesn’t be the way what Susan expects. “This is a story, I suppose, about a failure in intelligence” (Lessing 525). Lessing states that a result of Susan’s failure marriage and she is not able to have her perfect life as well as her perfect marriage match like everyone seeing. A husband and family are not what Susan needs in her life, but they become her pressure and burden she wants to stay away.

      A big white house, a husband and four children are the spaciousness that Susan enjoys and hopes for in her lovely marriage. This kind of crowding is not considered what people thinking about narrow or full; it is a space and quality. “Spaciousness and crowding are antithetical feelings” (Tuan 51). Tuan identifies that an individual’s feeling determines spaciousness. Even though crowding means occupying all the space physically, people will feel that is their space because they feel happy and everything is important to them. In Susan’s mind, her husband and four children are fulfill her life with all happiness and needs as her spaciousness, but not a big white house. Also, spaciousness is associated with freedom that people want. “Freedom implies space; it means having the power and enough room in which to act” (Tuan 52). Tuan tells that a space is identical to freedom that people feel free to do whatever they like and maintain all possesses. At this moment, Susan really likes to preserve this family as space of freedom what she has created with her husband.

       A freedom and space can be destroyed because of the feeling is changed. Susan’s marriage has been changed because of her husband having other woman that affects the relationship between them. In generally, Susan’s hopes and feeling of this lovely family begins to change. “Susan felt as if life had become a desert, and that nothing mattered, and that her children were not her own” (Lessing 529). Lessing shows that Susan feels hopeless about her life and the family she has created with an unfaithful man. She sacrifices her times and everything to fulfill wealth and love in her family, but for nothing and sadness as return. “Susan was more and more often threatened by emptiness” (Lessing 529). This explains that Susan begins to feel that she is not belonging to part of the family and feels alone and strange everything she possess currently. Once Susan upsets about this family, her feeling of crowding and freedom has changed into different aspect. “But primarily people crowed us; people rather than things are likely to restrict our freedom and deprive us of space” (Tuan 59). At this point, Tuan reveals the common sense of crowding as if more people occupying a room that invades individual’s space and freedom. It refers to Susan who feels her husband and children are not meaningful to her anymore that represents her freedom and space are vanished and invaded.

       As long as individual’s feeling influences the concepts of a space and freedom, it generates alternative feeling of primary places and objects. Since Susan upsets about what is going on to her life, she suffers in pressure and mental illness. “Susan was filled with tension, like a panic as if an enemy was in the garden with her” (Lessing 530). Lessing tells that Susan is scared about her life becomes dangerous although she is living in a protective garden of the house. Her mind is out of control and loses her confidence of everyone in this house. “Resentment, it was poisoning her. She was a prisoner” (Lessing 533). This emphasizes that Susan feels anxious, despair, pressure, dangerous and bondage living in this family. Individual’s feeling is basic facts that influence what space is determined. “Feeling for place is influenced by knowledge” (Tuan 32). Tuan also claims that people rely on their feeling to understand certain space belonging to them depends on the fact of affairs and events.

     Movement can explore personal’s freedom and direct to certain location for space with a distance. So far Susan’s position is replaced by Sophie who takes care of all responsibilities and obligations of being wife and mother. Susan decides to free her from all tragedies. “Susan could take the train into Richmond and sit alone in it for an hour or two” (Lessing 536). Lessing states that Susan wants to keep the distance between her and the family with certain space. “Movements are often directed toward, or repulsed by, objects and places” (Tuan 12). Tuan reveals that movement is essential to reinforce individual to escape or move forward looking for their space in certain location.   

     A place is significant to individuals having a room where they comfort and feel happy with. When Susan believes that she has accomplished all duties with this family that she decides to escape from the demon and pressure by having her own room without bondage, but freedom and solitude.  “Fred’s Hotel could afford the freedom for its visitors where no questions were asked” (Lessing 541). Lessing interprets that Susan figures out room 19 is a space where is silent and being isolated her with other people that she enjoys the freedom of being solitary. “Places and objects define space, giving it a geometric personality” (Tuan 17). Tuan emphasizes that particular location or a place is considered a personal space that allows individual to feel peace and free. “Physical environment can influence a people’s sense of size and spaciousness” (Tuan 54). Tuan tells that people’s feeling can affect the size of space physically and mentally. Even though room 19 is a small room than her own house, she feels this room is large space than everything because she has freedom from it; no restriction and pressure as well.

       A space can be physical and mental depending on individuals need and feeling. There is no measurement can determine spaciousness, but freedom, happiness and emotion can understand what space is and how space looks like. Susan has changed over her personal space because of her alternative feeling of her life. Because of the incomplete family, she feels no longer belonging to what she possess in her life and decides to look for her own freedom. Room 19 is a small size in physical; however it satisfies Susan needs and she feels free being solitary without all restriction and pressure from the family. As a result, this hotel room 19 may not be considered a temporary freedom for Susan to get away the demon and her husband. Only dead is the way what she expects a true space with permanent freedom.

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The Metamorphosis

        When considering space, there are different meaning between spaciousness and crowding in certain case. According to “Space and Place”, Tuan explains that people have specific condition about spaciousness when it brings them freedom through movement. In certain circumstance, crowding relates to personality feeling in some senses of comfort or safe. Most people need freedom to rescue their space in their lives. “Spaciousness is closely associated with the sense of being free. Freedom implies space” (52). Tuan mentions that everyone considers a space where she/ he has freedom without any restriction and being controlled. It should be the free time that everyone can escape all rules and obligation from the society. On the other hand, crowding has different aspect of ideas that refers to individual’s sense of feeling. Sometimes people will think crowding is not considered a freedom or space physically. However, it has other concepts of space. “People crowd us but they can also enlarge our world” (64). This reveals that people love to be crowed in order to enjoy certain condition which they like to enjoy the moment with each other like watching basketball game or movie with large group of people. This is given a conflicting feeling of crowd in particular condition in personal.

       With the ideas of the story “The Metamorphosis”, Franz Kafka tells that Gregor was a traveling salesman who wanted his space from his life. Because of the regulation and obligation that he needed to travel around for all kind of businesses, he believed that he wanted to escape all those restrictions to gain his own freedom back. As he decided that locking up himself in the room to make himself comfortable and free from the works, he preferred to quit his job and enjoy the moment of sleeping all the time. Until he had physically changed on his appearance, he loved to crawl around the room and enjoy this movement as own freedom. “So in order to distract Grego he fell into the habit of crawling all over the walls and the ceiling” (317). Kafka indicates that Grego expected his freedom extremely by crawling around his room that made him feel comfortable physically and mentally that nobody would force him to do anything he didn’t like. On the other hand, Grego would like to enjoy living with his family in crowding, especially, his sister; Grete always took care of him and satisfied all he needs in order to not ruin his own space and piece of freedom. Also, his father and mother loves him so much that they were worried about him all the time even to save his job for the absence of traveling when office manage was angry about Grego. This is the situation that Grego wants what his space would be like in his way of life.

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The House on Mango Street

     After reading “Space, Place, and the Child” by Yi-Fu Tuan, I realize that there are different kind of meanings and ideas to define space and place between adult and child. It refers to the experience and knowledge of personality. Tuan shows that children have their definition of space and place other than adult through certain level of movement, experience and knowledge. Usually, children would like to consider a place when they get used to it and feel safe if their mother is nearby. If their mother is not nearby, they will feel placeless and fearful. As the children are growing up, they consider a large object than a small one is place that show developing their ideas to classify things which they like. For example, “locations become more precise. “Here” and “there” are augmented by “right here” and “right there” (30). Tuan tells that children will become more specific to use words and distance to identify their own place that feel comfortable and happy. When comparing to “The House on Mango Street”, Sandra Cisneros mentions that a girl who lived with her family in a small house which is dirty, noise and broken water pipe, but that’s not the girl wants, what she expects is the big house that gives her a good living condition. However, after a girl moved to the house on Mango Street. She feels disappoint about the house which is not good as she wants. Even though a girl has her own house with the family, it is not considered a place for her because she doesn’t feel comfortable and satisfied with it. In child’s mind, they have particular feeling about space and place in specific environment with their experience and knowledge.

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