By understanding Tuan’s conception of Time and Place, movement is personal space with a specific goal, which is considered time and space. In the story Walking, Thoreau tells that his own experience of walking is different than other people living around him, and he enjoys walking most of the time, for example, he has walked around from home to office, or he himself considers a horse walking on the highway and business road. However, he figures out this only limited space in the village is not what he wants. Finally, he has strong feeling about being a traveler to seek out his freedom and space in nature and wildness. In his life, he has argued how walking is important to him unlike other people who just sitting in the office or working at home. The nature environment like sun, wind, tree, desert and ocean is what he expects as the new world. He has different perspective ideas and feels about everything he sees while walking in the wildness. Without any direction, he can distinguish which way he is going by looking at sunrise and sunset. Walking in nature is the sense of space and freedom that he wants in the new world without stopping him by any place in the village.
When Thoreau mentions that he feels more space by walking that applies to Tuan’s idea; “The feel of a place is registered in one’s muscles and bones” (184). It identifies that a person can feel differently about the same place while he or she is in walking. Movement offers individuals more time to experience and feel about their space in various environment and direction; “In time the sense of place extends beyond individual localities to a region defined by these localities” (183). This classifies that the author who likes walking in wildness that allows him closely to know and feel space differently.
In Tuan’s chapter “Visibility: the Creation of Place”, he analyzes that some particular architectures, landmarks and places can be visible in different meanings. With this idea, the theme of “The Search for Marvin Gardens” by John McPhee can be classified. McPhee mentions that the narrator plays the monopoly with his friends and he describes all the details about the avenue, railroad, jail, hotels, houses and cash flow on the game board. Based on each of particular streets and avenues, the narrator has flashback about the historic event in the past that he has encountered. He has being impacted by those places when his friend or he has related to the game dealing with the building a hotel or earning the interest rate of renting.
Tuan mentions that “Each pause is time enough to create an image of place that looms large momentarily in our view” (161). This reveals when some place is visible to people, it records the memories of individuals to make the connection between the present and the past in the same familiar location. In the game of monopoly, the names of those avenues and streets are familiar to the narrator and it is significant to him either he has been visited or he has heard from someone. Also, Tuan tells that “The street where one lives is part of one’s intimate experience. The larger unit, neighborhood, is a concept” (170). The concept of one’s experience can be shared with the visible places. People get experience from each other when they have been to those places and classify the concept of experiences as the neighborhood including all events, individuals and materials. It is like the narrator mentions about the things of his friend when his friend occupies an avenue in the game.
In Tuan’s chapter Attachment to Homeland, Tuan classifies the idea of home is considered important place in people’s livelihood. Home is like a center of the world that people feel free and comfortable to stay with, and it fills in with all valuable items and memories of individuals. The conception of attachment to homeland reveals the same ideas from the story, This Is What It Means to Say Phoenix, Arizona. Sherman Alexie tells that Victor, the main character, travels to the Phoenix, Arizona to handle the dead of his father caused by heart attack. In the purpose of this trip, Victor needs to collect the money from his father’s saving account and brings his father’s body back home as well. Thomas, friend of Victor, helps Victor with the financial support for the cost of airplane ticket and travels along with him. Thomas is not storyteller that nobody likes him so as Victor does, but he is important to Victor because they have a lovely childhood when they helped each other and had a lot fun together. While having this journey, Victor recognizes the characteristic of Thomas that either benefits him or bothers him in some case. He learns how to identify a person through the behavior and feeling in the reality. After they have done their journey, Thomas requests Victor to listen his story when he stands by and Victor accepts that like it never should happen in his own life.
According to the story that Alexie has told, carrying the ashes of father is Victor’s purpose. It is what he believes his father should return to where he belongs to as home. Also, Thomas considers a dream is his home that he can listen to a story telling him the true of the reality. Tuan states that “A homeland has its landmarks, which may be features of high visibility and public significance. These visible signs serve to enhance a people’s sense of identity; they encourage awareness of and loyalty to place” (159). It reveals that a homeland can identify personal needs and the place where an individual belongs to. He/she figures out what is valuable and significant to him/her in particular place.
An intimate place can provide individuals space and experience in the chapter of Intimate Experiences of Place. Tuan mentions that people have intimate experience to certain objects and places which make them feel comfortable and fulfill their needs as a space of their lives. They will depend on what they believe the object or place can recover their injuries and expose new experience. This idea relates to the story, The Things They Carried, Tim O’Brien tells that Lieutenant Jimmy Cross is the main character who carrying the letter and picture of Martha with him during the war. Martha is significant to him because he can’t measure the number of weight how he has loved her. However, the narrator explains the weight of every objects he and his company on carrying like the equipments of weapon, and personal objects. This sort of information leaves a message of how important thing belong to all the soldiers, when they are in risky of their lives in the war. Obviously, everything all the soldiers are carrying that represents their intimate home or object which can keep them safe.
Tuan states that “A person can find security and nourishment in objects, localities, and even in the pursuit of ideas” (138). This emphasizes that everyone will pursue his/her needs and desires depending on the intimate objects and place that he/she feel significant in life. As it clarifies that Lieutenant Jimmy Cross the way he takes care of the letter as part of the love from Martha; the pebble he tastes in mouth all the time as the good luck and wish Martha has given; those two pictures reminds him the beauty and love that he wants from Martha. Nevertheless, the true meaning behinds those objects is not considered the way Lieutenant Jimmy thinking, they are the space and the sense of security to protect him in the war and he always believe they are representing the love of Martha.
From Tuan’s chapter Time in Experiential Space, he classifies that space is associating with time in different aspects of life. Time is measure of length as well as distance that an individual can recognize his/her incident at several periods of time; past, present and future. Like Tuan mentions about time can be identified by manifested (objective) and manifesting (subjective), which an individual experiences the distinct timing relating to personal feelings, space and place in complex events. Those ideas of Tuan can be explained in the story of The Snow of Kilimanjaro by Earnest Hemingway; he tells that Harry is the main character who is suffering with the infection of his lag in the mountain with his wife and they are waiting for the rescuing plane to help them. During this period of time, Harry has flashback about what he has done in the past and mentions about the historical life of his wife. Unfortunately, Harry never escapes the hell and his dead is caused by the infected leg while he is imagining his life has been saved by the rescue plane.
When Tuan mentions about a person is influenced by the symbolic objects that reflect certain period of time in the past; “Time, symbolized by far objects in a person’s present visual field, could be contemplated” (124). This implies the drinking habit is a symbol to represent the past life of Harry’s wife. When Harry wants a drink to ease his pain, he remembers about the terrible life of his wife in the past that she was drunk to sleep and depended on alcoholic much more than everyone could imagine.
Subjective and objective is two principles of ideas to view time period of events. It tells the difference between subjective and objective, which is referring to mental and future. This relates to the imagination and memories of Harry when he is struggle with his illness. According to the principle of subjective, it creates the open space of Harry’s thought that he is thinking about the present about his loving story with his wife. Also, Harry has objectively imagined about the landmark of the whole mountain, blizzard and locus while he is riding the plane.